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READING LIST (Japanese listed below)




Totman, Conrad. A History of Japan. Malden, MA : Blackwell Publishers, 2000.

Henshall, Kenneth G. A History of Japan : From Stone Age To Superpower. Basingstoke, Hampshire ; New York : Palgrave, 1999.

Mason, R.H.P. and J.G. Caiger. A History of Japan. Rutland, VT : C.E. Tuttle Co., 1997.

Morton, W. Scott. Japan: Its history and Culture. New York : McGraw-Hill, 1994.

Beasley, W.G. The Japanese Experience : A Short History of Japan. Berkeley ; Los Angeles : University of California Press, 2000.




Hardacre, Helen. Shinto and the State, 1868-1988. Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, c1989.  This describes how the expansion of relations between Shinto and the state took place from the end of the Russo-Japanese War (1905) to the end of Pacific War (1945).

Victoria, Brian. Zen at War. New York, Weatherhill, 1997. The author shows how Zen provided ideological and spiritual foundation for the Japanese military with historical documents of Japanese Zen masters in war time.


Boyd, Carl. The extraordinary envoy: General Hiroshi Oshima and diplomacy in the Third Reich, 1934-1939. University Press of America, 1980.

Boyd, Carl. Hitler’s Japanese confident: General Oshima Hiroshi and MAGIC intelligence, 1941-1945.  University Press of Kansas, 1993.

Lu, David John.  Agony of Choice: Matsuoka Yosuke and the Rise and Fall of the Japanese Empire.  Lexington Books: New York, 2002.

Haunter, Milan. India in Axis strategy: Germany, Japan, and Indian nationalists in the Second Word War. Klett-Cotta, 1981.

Kasza, Gregory. The Conscription Society: Administered Mass Organizations (1995, compares wartime Japan, Italy, Germany, USSR). Yale University Press, 1995. 

Morley, James. Ed. Deterrent Diplomacy: Japan, Germany and the USSR 1935-1945 (Japan's road to the Pacific War Series). Columbia University Press, 1976.

Presseisen, Ernest. Germany and Japan; a study in totalitarian diplomacy, 1933-1941. The Hague, M. Nijhoff, 1958. 



Coox, Alvin D. Nomonhan: Japan Against Russia, 1939, Vols I&II . Stanford: Stanford University Press,  1985.

Coox, Alvin D. "Flawed Perception and its Effect upon Operational Thinking: The Case of the Japanese Army, 1937-41," in Michael I. Handel (ed.) Intelligence and Military Operations, London: Frank Cass and Company, 1990.

Coox, Alvin D. The Anatomy of a Small War: The Soviet-Japanese Struggle for Changkufeng/Khasan, 1938. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1997. Originally published London, 1977.

Drea, Edward J. Nomonhan: Japanese-Soviet Tactical Combat 1939. Leavenworth Paper #2. Fort Leavenworth, KS: Combat Studies Institute, U.S.Army Command and General Staff College, 1981.




Barnhart, Michael A. Japan Prepares for Total War: The Search for Economic Security, 1919-1941. Cornell University Press, 1987.

Beasley, W.G. Japan and the West in the Mid-Nineteenth Century: Nationalism and the Origins of

Beasley, W.G. Japanese Imperialism, 1894-1945. Oxford University Press, 1987.

Bergamini, David. Japan's Imperial Conspiracy: How Emperor Hirohito led Japan into war against the  West. William Morrow and Co., New York, 1971.

Bix, Herbert P. Hirohito and the Making of Modern Japan. Harper Collins, New York, 2000.

Boyle, John. H.  China and Japan at war, 1937-1945; the politics of collaboration. Stanford University Press, 1972.

Brooks, Lester. Behind Japan's Surrender: The Secret Struggle That Ended An Empire. McGraw-Hill, New

Butow, Robert C. Tojo and the Coming of the War, Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, 1961.

Clark, Blake, revised with historical notes by Daniel Martinez, Remember Pearl Harbor. Mutual  Publishing, Honolulu, 1942 and 1987.

Crowley, James. Japan's Quest for Autonomy. Princeton University, 1966.

Deacon, Richard.  Kempei Tai: A History of the Japanese Secret Service, Berkley Books, New York, 1983.

Delmer Myers, B. Nationalism in Japan: An Introductory Historical Analysis. 1971. Russell & Russell

Drea, Edward J. In the Service of the Emperor: Essays on the Imperial Japanese Army. Lincoln: University of Nebraska, 1998.

Drea. Edward J. "In the Army Barracks of Imperial Japan," from Armed Forces and Society 1989 15 (3), 329-348.

Duus, Peter. The abacus and the sword : the Japanese penetration of Korea, 1895-1910. University of California Press, 1995.

Duus, Peter. The Japanese informal empire in China, 1895-1937. Princeton University Press, 1989.

Duus, Peter. The Japanese wartime empire, 1931-1945. Princeton University Press. 1996.

Fletcher, William Miles. The Search for a New Order: Intellectuals and Fascism in Prewar Japan. University of North Carolina Press, 1982.

Gibney, Frank, Ed. translated by Beth Cary, Senso: The Japanese Remember the Pacific War, from letters to the Editor of Asahi Shimbun.  M.E. Sharpe, Armonk and London, 1995.

Harries, Meiron and Susie. Soldiers of the Sun: The Rise and Fall of the Imperial Japanese Army. New York: Random House, 1991.

Harris, Sheldon H. Factories of Death: Japanese Biological Warfare 1932-1945 and the American Cover up. Routledge, London, 1994.

Havens, Tomas. Farm and Nation in Modern Japan: Agrarian Nationalism 1870-1940. Princeton University Press, 1974.

Hayashi, Saburo. Kogun: The Japanese Army in the Pacific War. (Quantico Va: Marine Corps Association, 1959).

Hoyt, Edwin P. Japan's War: The Great Pacific Conflict. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1986.

Humphreys, Leonard. The Way of the Heavenly Sword: The Japanese Army in the 1920s. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1995.

Ienaga, Saburo. The Pacific War: World War II and the Japanese, 1931-1945. Pantheon Books, New York, 1978.

Ike, Nobutaka ed. Japan's Decision for War: Records of the 1941 Policy Conference. Stanford University Press, 1967.

Iriye, Akira. Across the Pacific: An Inner History of American-East Asian Relations. Harcourt, Brace & World , 1967.
Irie, Akira. After Imperialism: the Search for a New Order in Far East, 1921-1931. Imprint Publications, 1990.
Iriye, Akira.  The Origins of the Second World War in
Asia and the Pacific. Longman, 1987.

Jones, Francis C. Japan's new order in east Asia: its rise and fall, 1937-45. Issued under the joint auspices of the Royal Institute of International Affairs and the Institute of Pacific Relations. Oxford University Press, 1954.  

Kaplan, David E., and Dubro, Alec. Yakuza: The Explosive Account of Japan's Criminal Underworld. Collier Books, New York, 1986. -From the origin of Yakuza to the current Yakuza, this book provides comprehensive understanding about Yakuza. It includes the description of right wings groups such as Black Dragon Society in war time.

Kasza, Gregory. The State and Mass Media in Japan, 1918-1945. University of California Press, 1993.

Lebra, Joice. Ed. Japan's Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere in World War II (documents). Oxford University Press, 1975.  With selections of writings of scholars and military men, the policy declarations of government in  the 1930s and early 1940s, the concept of the Great East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere is introduced.

MacKay, James. Betrayal in High Places. Tasman Archives, Auckland, 1996.

Maruyama, Masao.  Thought and Behavior in Modern Japanese Politics. Oxford University Press, 1969. 

Matsuo Kinoaki. How Japan Plans to Win. Translated by Kilsso Haan. Boston: Little, Brown, 1942. (First published in Oct., 1940. Kinoaki was said to be a Japanese intelligence officer and a high official in the Black Dragon Society.)

Matthews, Tony.  Shadows Dancing: Japanese Espionage Against the West, 1939-1945.  St. Martin's Press, New York, 1993.

Mayo, Marlene. ed., The Emergence of Imperial Japan: Self-Defense or Calculated Aggression? Heath, 1970.

McCormac, Charles, D.C.M. "You'll Die In Singapore", E.P. Dutton and Company, New York, 1955.

McCormack, Gavan. Chang Tso-lin in Northeast China, 1911–1928: China, Japan, and the Manchurian Idea. Stanford: Stanford University Press. 1977.

Mitchell, Richard H Censorship in Imperial Japan. Princeton University Press, 1983. 

Mitchell, Richard H. Thought Control in Prewar Japan. Cornell University Press, 1976. 

Modern State (Raleigh Lectures on History). 1969. Longwood Press Ltd.

Morley, James William. Ed. Dilemmas of Growth in Prewar in Japan. (1930s). Princeton University Press, 1971.

Morley, James William. Ed.  Japan's Foreign Policy (1868-1941). Columbia University Press, 1974.

Morley, James William. ed., Dilemmas of Growth in prewar Japan (1930s). Princeton University, 1971. 

Morris, Ivan. ed. Japan 1931-1945: Militarism, Fascism, Japanism? Boston, Heath, 1963.

Morton, William Fitch. Tanaka Giichi and Japan's China Policy. St. Marin Press, 1980.

Myers, Ramon H.and Mark Peattie, eds., The Japanese Colonial Empire, 1895-1945. Princeton University Press, 1983.

Najita, Tetsuo. Hara Kei and the Politics of Compromise, 1905-1959. Harvard University Press, 1967. 

Nish, Ian. ed.  Anglo-Japanese Alienation, 1919-1952. Cambridge University Press, 1982.
Oates, L. Populist Nationalism in Pre-War
Japan: A Biography of Nakano Seigo.1985.  Unwin Hyman.

Ogata, Sadako.  Defiance in Manchuria: The making of Japanese foreign policy, 1931-1932. University of California Press, 1964.  

Peattie, M.R.  Ishiwara Kanji and Japan's Confrontation With the West. 1975. Princeton University Press.   How Ishiwara Kanji’s thought gave an great impact on the Japanese military and its action on the Japanese seizure of Manchuria in 1931.

Randau, Carl, and Zugsmith, Leane.  The Setting Sun of Japan, Random House.  New York, 1942.

Roden, Donald. Schooldays in Imperial Japan: A Study in the Culture of a Student Elite. University of California Press, 1980.

Sakai, Saburo, with Martin Caidin and Fred Saito.  Samurai. Pocket Books, New York, 1996.

Shillony, Ben-Ami. Crisis politics in prewar Japan: Institutional and ideological problems of the 1930s. Sophia University, 1970.

Shillony, Ben-Ami. Politics and Culture in Wartime Japan. Clarendon Press, 1981.

Shillony, Ben-Ami. Revolt in Japan: The Young Officers and the February 26, 1936 Incident. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1973.

Smethurst, Richard. A Social Basis for Prewar Japanese Militarism: The Army and the Rural Community. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1974.

Stahl, Bob, You're No Good To Me Dead: Behind Japanese Lines in the Philippines, Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, 1995.

Storry, Richard. Japan and the Decline of the West in Asia, 1894-1942. St, Martin’s Press. 1979.

Storry, Richard. The Double Patriots (1930s young officers). Greenwood Press, 1973.

Tanaka, Baron Giichi, The Tanaka Memorial: Japan's Dream of World Empire, Carl Crow, Ed., Harper & Row, New York, 1942.

Tanaka, Yuki.  Hidden Horrors: Japanese War Crimes in World War II. Westview Press, 1996.

Thorne, Cristopher. The Limits of Foreign Policy: The West, the league and the Far Eastern Crisis of 1931-1932. Putnam, 1972.

Tipton, Elise. Being Modern in Japan: Culture and Society from the 1910s to the 1930 s. Uniervsity of Hawai’I Press, 2000.

Tipton, Elise. The Japanese Police State: The Tokyo in Interwar Japan. University of Hawaii Press, 1990.

Titus, David. Palace and Politics in Prewar Japan. Columbia University Press, 1974.

Tsurumi, Shunsuke. An Intellectual History of Wartime Japan. Distributed by Routledge & K. Paul, 1986.

U.S. Department of War. TM-E 30-480 Handbook on Japanese Military Forces. U.S. War Department, Washington DC, 1 Oct., 1944. Republished by David Isby, Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge, 1991.

Wilson George Maclin, ed. Crisis Politics in Prewar Japan. Sophia University, 1970.

Wilson, George M. Radical Nationalist in Japan: Kita Ikki. Harvard University Press, 1969.

Yoshihashi, Takehiko. Conspiracy at Mukden: The Rise of the Japanese Military. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1980.

Yoshimura, Akira, translated by Retsu Kaiho and Michael Gregson. Zero Fighter.  Praeger, Westport, 1996.

Young, Louise. Japan's Total Empire. Manchuria and the Culture of Wartime Imperialism. University of California, 1998.


石原莞爾. 最終戦争論、中央公文庫, 2001年 (550円). 石原の歴史的な書類。
Ishihara Kanji. Theory of Final War (Saishu sensor on), Chuobonko, 2001 (550 yen). Ishihara’s historical documents.

 石原莞爾. 戦争史大観, 中央公文庫, 2001年 (700円). 石原の見通りでの戦争史の分析。
Ishihara Kanji. History of War (Sensoshi taikan), Chuobunko, 2001 (700 yen). Analysis of war history from Ishihara’s perspective.  


Kita Ikki. Thesis on the Nation (Kokutai Ron), Center for the Posthumous Works of Kita Ikki, 1950. Kita’s thesis on the perfect nation.

Mishima Yukio.  Guide to the Hagakure (Hagakure Nyumon), Shinkyuu Publishing, 1983. The text and guide to the Bushido document Hagakure.

Mishima Yukio.  For young Samurai  (Wakaki Samurai no tame ni, Bunshun Bunko), 1996.  A book aimed at teaching nationalistic values to Japan's younger generation.

三輪公忠. 松岡洋右:その人間と外交, 中公新書, 1971年 (1600 円). 松岡の性格や考えの分析。
Miyoshi Kimitada. Matsuoka Yosuke: The person and  foreign policy (Matsuoka yosuke: Sono ningen to gaiko), Chukoushinsho, 1971 (1600 yen). Analysis of Matusoka’s character, thoughts and the priod. 

Nitobe, Inazou.  Bushido. Chikujishokan, 1998.  This is the definitive book on the Japanese philosophy of Bushido.

犬塚彰. 右翼の林檎 , 社会評論, 1999年 (2700年). 北一輝と二・二・六の事件、石原莞爾と満州、玄洋社と大アジアの分析。1970年 (2700円).
Otsuka Akira. An apple of right wings (Uyoku no ringo), Shakaihyouron, 1999 (2700 yen). Analysis of Kita Ikki and 2.26 incident, Ishihara Kanji and Manchuria, Black Ocean Society and Great Asia, 1970 (2700 yen).

栄沢幸二. 大東亜共栄圏の思想, 講談社文庫, 1998年 (700円).  三十年代から四十五年までの思想や社会状態の目的。
Sakazawa Eiji. The thought of The Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity (Daitoakyoueiken no shiso), Koudanshabunko, 1998 (700 yen).  The purpose of that thought and social conditions in the late 1930’s through 1945.     

瀬島龍三. 大東亜戦争の実相,  PHP文庫, 1998年 (700 円). 瀬島は大東亜戦争で、日本の戦う意味を説明しようとする。
Sejima Shuzou. The fact of The Greater East Asia War (Daitoasensou no jissou ),  PHP Research Institute, 1998 (700 yen). What Japanese tried to fight for. 

Uchida Ryohei, Center for Documentary Studies.  The Black Dragon Society (Kokuryukai Kankei Shiryou), 1992.  A nine volume set on the history of the Black Dragon Society.

右翼問題研究会. 右翼の潮流、 1998年 (1000円). 右翼の歴史と現代の潮流。右翼の本質の分析。
Uyokumondaikenkyukai. The stream of right wings (Uyoku no choryu), 1998 (1000 yen). The history of right wings (uyoku) and recent trends. Analysis of the essence of right wings.

読売新聞.  20世紀大東亜共栄圏, 2001年 (700円). その時代の人々や考えを分析する。
Yomiuri Shimbun. The 20th century ‘s The Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere (Nijusseiki Daitoakyoueiken), 2001 (700 yen). What is the meaning of it?  Analysis the thought and people at that time.

読売新聞. 頭山満と玄洋社:大アジア燃ゆるまなざし, 2001年 (2000円). 頭山の玄洋社についての意見。
Yomiuri Shimbun. Great Asia: Toyama Mitsuru & Black Ocean Society (Dai Asia moyurumanazashi: Toyama Mitsuru to Genyousha), 2001 (2000 yen). Toyama’s thought and his organization, Black Ocean Society.