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Disclaimer: We don't claim to be experts on Islamic law. However, we are interested in providing educational resources on our website to promote interfaith understanding and tolerance. We have done some research on the Muslim pilgrimages, Hajj and Umrah. We have posted some resources below we find interesting. We do not claim that this is the ultimate authoritative source on the subject. If you would like to recommend other content to add to this page, feel free to contact us.
Going on the Hajj pilgrimage is one of the pillars of the Islamic faith. It is obligatory for every Muslim to make the Hajj pilgrimage, provided that they are physically fit and financially capable.
Hajj is performed over specific days during a designated time according to the Islamic lunar calendar. Islamic Finder has the specific dates for 2022. The Hajj is a pilgrimage made to the sacred city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia. During Hajj, pilgrims join processions of millions of people, who simultaneously arrive at Mecca for the week of the Hajj. There they perform a series of rituals. Each person walks counter-clockwise seven times around the Kaaba (a black cube shaped building at the center of Islam's most holy mosque, Masjid al-Haram), then the pilgrims walk briskly back and forth between the hills of Safa and Marwah seven times, they drink from the Zamzam well, go to the plains of Mount Arafat to stand in vigil, spend a night in the plain of Muzdalifa, and they perform the symbolic stoning of the devil by throwing stones at three pillars. After the sacrifice of an animal (which can be achieved by using a voucher), the pilgrims will shave their heads (if male) or trim the edges of their hair (if female). A celebration of Eid Al Adha proceeds afterward.
Muslims may also undertake the Umrah, which is not the same thing as Hajj. The Umrah is a lesser pilgrimage to Mecca that can be performed at any time of year. Umrah can also be done in less than a few hours, while Hajj is more time-consuming and involves more rituals.
What is Umrah?
What is Hajj?
Hajj Dates 2022 (Islamic Finder)
All you need to know about Hajj: Steps, rituals and significance (Alarabiya)
Quran Verses About the Hajj (Islamic Finder)
Your Day to Day Guide for Hajj (Islamic Finder)
To Get All the World’s Muslims to Hajj, It Would Take at Least 581 Years (New York Times, 8-23-18)
What is the Difference Between Hajj and Umrah?
Difference Between Hajj And Umrah: Timing, Duration, Rituals And More (Zamzam)
The Difference Between Hajj and Umrah (Islamic Relief)
Safa and Marwa
Why Muslim Pilgrims Perform Sai’ between Safa And Marwa (Inside Saudi)
Live Mecca (YouTube)
At this link you can see people circling the Kaaba in real time.
As-Safa and Al-Marwah (YouTube)
Walking briskly back and forth between As Safa and Al Marwah is part of the Hajj ritual. You can see a video of people performing it above. The green light signifies the point at which men are supposed to start jogging and stop jogging.
Saudi Government Website
News Articles on Mecca
The Black Stone of Mecca Like You've Never Seen Before (Islamicity)
Third expansion of Makkah Grand Mosque receives 19 million worshippers (Arab News, 5-1-22)
Related World Future Fund Links
Malcolm X in Mecca (World Future Fund)
State of the Islamic World Today
Saudi Arabia and Global Islam
Global Apostasy Laws Map
Global Alcohol Laws Map
Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman Live Interview - April 2021
Quotations from Islam